Legends of the 20th Century
By Gunner Glam
From 1900 through 1999 changes to human civilization were brought which would alter the course of history forever.
Studio Brow wants to share a few people who will go down in the history books for their legendary deeds and performances.
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics, simply put; E = MC2. For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics and one of the most prolific intellects in human history. Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory within physics.
John Wayne, born Marion Robert Morrison, was an American film actor, director and producer. An Academy Award-winner, Wayne has the biggest box office draw of all time. An enduring American icon, he epitomized rugged masculinity and is famous for his demeanor, including his distinctive calm voice, walk and height.
Among his best known films are The Quiet Man (1952), which follows him as an Irish-American boxer and his love affair with a fiery spinster played by Maureen O’Hara, The Searchers (1956), in which he plays a Civil War veteran who seeks out his abducted niece, Rio Bravo (1959), playing a Sheriff with Dean Martin, True Grit (1969), playing a humorous U.S. Marshall who sets out to avenge a man’s death in the role that won Wayne an Academy Award and The Shootist (1976), his final screen performance in which he plays an aging gunslinger battling cancer.
In June 1999, the American Film Institute named Wayne 13th among the Greatest Male Screen Legends of All Time.
Babe Ruth, born George Herman Ruth Jr., and nicknamed “the Bambino” and “the Sultan of Swat,” was an American Major League baseball player from 1914–1935. Ruth originally broke into the major leagues with the Boston Red Sox as a starting pitcher, but after he was sold to the New York Yankees in 1919, he converted to a full-time right fielder and subsequently became one of the league’s most prolific hitters. Ruth was a mainstay in the Yankees’ lineup that won seven pennants and four World Series titles during his tenure with the team. After a short stint with the Boston Braves in 1935, Ruth retired.
In 1936, Ruth became one of the first five players elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Humphrey Bogart was an American actor. He is widely regarded as a cultural icon. The American Film Institute ranked Bogart as the greatest male star in the history of American cinema.
His breakthrough as a leading man came in 1941, with High Sierra and The Maltese Falcon. The next year, his performance in Casablanca raised him to the peak of his profession and, at the same time, cemented his trademark film persona that of the hard-boiled cynic who ultimately shows his noble side. Other successes followed, including To Have and Have Not (1944) and The African Queen (1951), for which he won an Academy Award. His last movie was The Harder They Fall (1956). During a film career of almost thirty years, he appeared in 75 feature films.
Marilyn Monroe, born Norma Jeane Mortenson, was an American actress, singer, model and showgirl who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of commercially successful motion pictures during the 1950s.
Her early film appearances were minor, but her performances in The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve (both 1950) drew attention to her—by now her hair was dyed blonde. By 1953, Monroe had progressed to a leading role in Niagara (1953), a melodramatic film noir that dwelled on her seductiveness. Her dramatic performance in Bus Stop (1956) was hailed by critics and she received a Golden Globe nomination. She received a Golden Globe Award for her performance in Some Like It Hot (1959). Monroe’s final completed film was The Misfits.
Bruce Lee, born Lee Jun-fan, was a Chinese American, Hong Kong actor, martial arts instructor, philosopher, film director, film producer, screenwriter and founder of the Jeet Kune Do martial arts movement. He is widely considered by many commentators, critics, media and other martial artists to be the most influential martial artist.
His Hong Kong and Hollywood-produced films elevated the traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level of popularity and acclaim, and sparked a major surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West in the 1970s. The direction and tone of his films changed and influenced martial arts and martial arts films in Hong Kong and the rest of the world. He is noted for his roles in feature-length films such as Lo Wei’s The Big Boss (1971), Way of the Dragon (1972), directed and written by Lee and Warner Brothers’ Enter the Dragon (1973).
Lee became an cultural iconic figure known throughout the world, particularly among the Chinese, as he portrayed Chinese nationalism in his films. He initially trained in Wing Chun, but he later rejected well-defined martial art styles, favouring instead to use techniques from various sources in the spirit of his personal martial arts philosophy, which he dubbed Jeet Kune Do (The Way of the Intercepting Fist).
Muhammad Ali, born Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. is an American former professional boxer, philanthropist and social activist. Considered a cultural icon, Ali was both idolized and vilified.
Ali became the first and only three-time lineal World Heavyweight Champion.
Nicknamed “The Greatest,” Ali was involved in several historic boxing matches. Notable among these were three with rival Joe Frazier, which are considered among the greatest in boxing history. Ali was well known for his unorthodox fighting style, which he described as “float like a butterfly, sting like a bee”, and employing techniques such as the Ali Shuffle and the rope-a-dope. Ali had brought beauty and grace to the most uncompromising of sports and through the wonderful excesses of skill and character, he had become the most famous athlete in the world.
In 1999, Ali was crowned Sportsman of the Century by Sports Illustrated and Sports Personality of the Century by the BBC.
The Beatles were an English rock band, which consisted of members John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals) and Ringo Starr (drums, vocals).
Active throughout the 1960s and one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music. The nature of their enormous popularity, which first emerged as Beatlemania, transformed as their songwriting grew in sophistication. They came to be perceived as the embodiment of ideals of the social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s.
The Beatles are the best-selling band in history and over four decades after their break-up, their recordings are still in demand. They have had more number one albums on the UK charts and have held the top spot longer than any other musical act.
According to the RIAA, they have sold more albums in the United States than any other artist, and topped Billboard magazine’s list of all-time Hot 100 artists in 2008. They have received seven Grammy Awards from the American National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and 15 Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. They were collectively included in Time magazine’s compilation of the 20th century’s 100 most influential people.
Jim Morrison was an American musician, singer and poet, best known as the lead singer and lyricist of the rock band The Doors.
Morrison was well-known for often improvising spoken word poetry passages while the band played live. Due to his wild personality and performances, he is regarded by critics and fans as one of the most iconic, charismatic and pioneering frontmen in rock music history. Morrison was ranked number 47 on Rolling Stone’s list of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time and number 22 on Classic Rock Magazine’s 50 Greatest Singers In Rock.
Michael Jackson was an American recording artist, entertainer and businessman. Often referred to as the King of Pop, or by his initials MJ, Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records. His contribution to music, dance and fashion along with a much-publicized personal life made him a global figure in pop culture for over four decades.
Jackson’s 1982 album Thriller is the best-selling album of all time. Jackson is one of the few artists to have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice. He was also inducted into the Dance Hall of Fame as the first (and currently only) dancer from the world of pop and rock ‘n’ roll. Other achievements include 13 Grammy Awards as well as the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, 26 American Music Awards, which is more than any other artist including the Artist of the Century, 13 number-one singles in the United States in his solo career (more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era) and the estimated sale of over 750 million records worldwide.
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This entry was posted on January 19, 2012 by Studio Brow: The Cosmetic Ultralounge. It was filed under Uncategorized and was tagged with Beatles, Bruce Lee, Icons, John Wayne, Legends, Marilyn Monroe, Michael Jackson.